Automation: A look at exactly how robots will take your job.

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You may have heard of or seen recent reports that 50% of the Global Workforce is destined for the unemployment line. Most of those reports are based on an article out of the MIT Technology Review entitled Report Suggests Nearly Half of U.S. Jobs Are Vulnerable to Computerization.

That article is making such informed claims based on data from a study out of the University of Oxford Engineering Sciences Department, A copy of which I’ve obtained, Which examined no less than 702 detailed occupations and assessed the likelihood those jobs would be made obsolete in the near future, Or as they call it the “probability of computerization using a Gaussian process classifier”

As much fun as sifting thru probabilities is, You really need to do no more than look at the world around you to see that Automation is coming, Full steam ahead.

Many of you have heard of Google’s Driverless Autonomous car, But have you heard of the ones by Toyota, Audi, Volvo, Mercedes-Benz, General Motors and Nissan? Expect to see driverless cars on the road soon. They’ve been legal to ‘drive’ in at least 4 US States since 2013 (Nevada, Florida, California, and Michigan). In Europe, cities in Belgium, France, Italy and the UK have pilot programs in place to test driverless cars. Germany, the Netherlands, and Spain are also testing driverless cars, not allowing them legally on their roadways yet.

If you’ve seen one driverless car, You’ve seen them all. But one of the offerings from Mercedes-Benz is especially unique in that it is a Self-Driving Semi-Truck Transport, A staple of the global transportation infrastructure.

One of the offerings from Audi is also notable in that it is making self-driving cars go fast! 240km/hr you say? Sure. Turns at 130km/hr? No problem.

Most of you probably aren’t in the market for a Semi-Truck or an Audi supercar. For businesses like Taxi Cab services and just regular people wanting a car there is consumer level offerings such as Google car which I’ll include here for good measure

Indeed Taxi Cab companies are already expressing interest in self-driving fleets

“Following the unveiling of Google’s new self-driving cars yesterday, taxi firm Uber has said it could replace all of its drivers with autonomous vehicles. CEO Travis Kalanick admitted the technology would keep costs down, and these savings could then be passed on to its customers. Speaking at the Code Conference in California, Kalanick said: ‘The reason Uber could be expensive is because you’re not just paying for the car – you’re paying for the other dude in the car. ‘When there’s no other dude in the car, the cost of taking an Uber anywhere becomes cheaper than owning a vehicle.’”
End of the chatty cabbie? Uber plans to eventually replace all its drivers with self-driving cars

Maybe you don’t drive a cab, or a transport truck or a bus for living. Maybe you’re a cashier at multinational mega-franchises such as McDonalds, Tim Hortons, Home Depot or Walmart? Don’t worry. Automation has got you covered as well! As cries for a $15/hr minimum wage increase, Expect to see more of these at your checkouts in response.

McDonalds Self-Order Touch Kiosk

Tim Hortons Self-Order Touch Kiosk

Walmart Self-Checkout

Home Depot Self-Checkout

You don’t work in transportation or customer service? Perhaps you work on a farm? Gone are the days of fertilizing your crops or laying down cover seed by tractor.

“It uses both GPS and LIDAR to navigate with great precision and little in the way of operator intervention. It handles two corn rows at a time without collateral damage to growing plants. It collects data during operation which the farmer can then analyze to determine how to improve crop yields. Applying fertilizer using a tractor-attached applicator is less exact and often leads to crop damage to the top of the corn plants which reduces yield.

Rowbot’s first practical test this summer involved fertilizing 20.2 hectares (50 acres) of corn at a cost of under $25.00 per hectare ($10 per acre) not including fertilizer. The smaller footprint of Rowbot means arable fields can be exploited to the maximum especially when you consider that future iterations of Rowbot will be multifunctional including doing chores like cover seeding.” Rowbot Robot Tends to Farmers’ Fields

Tech Demo

See it in action on an actual Farm

Another award winning offering looking to make farming that much easier with that many less people is a concept project out of the University of Sydney called Ladybird. Gizmodo reports

“The automation of on-farm processes is poised to play a decisive role in minimising input and maximising output of future agriculture,” Dr James Underwood, Senior Research Fellow from the university’s Australian Centre for Field Robotics, told ABC Australia. “Automation can help to increase efficiency and yield, by having many of the manual tasks of farming performed by specially designed agricultural robotic devices.”

The roving robotic platform, toting a curved shell of photovoltaic plates, was designed specifically for monitoring environmental variables and plant health on large farm plots. It measures soil quality and nutrient loads, monitors plant development, and detects and identifies a wide number of pests.

The “Ladybird” was designed and built specifically for the vegetable industry with the aim of creating a ground robot with supporting intelligent software and the capability to conduct autonomous farm surveillance, mapping, classification, and detection for a variety of different vegetables.


ABC Australia interviewed Ed Fagan, the owner of the trial farm, who gushed:

A lot of the time in horticulture, if you’re short of an element in the plant, by the time you see a symptom it’s too late, they will be able to pick up a nutrient deficiency before we see any symptoms.

Secondly, you can use it at night at 2 o’clock in the morning and go out and do an insect survey, so things like cutworm popping out at night time, slugs, worms, things like that. Instead of getting out of bed at 3 o’clock in the morning and wandering around with a torch and looking at about five square metres, this thing could do two or three hectares at night and then in the morning you can just see what you’ve got.” A Solar-Powered Ladybug That Might Just Save Global Agriculture

Not a farmer, Maybe you work in a warehouse. Maybe you’re even Forklift Certified? Meet Warehouse Automation.

The workforce sees a dramatic reduction, But it’s not a completely human-less operation. Those that used to drive a forklift get cut in numbers by 5/6 and will instead become order packers.

Kiva at Automate 2011 in Chicago

Kiva Systems Warehouse Automation at Quiet Logistics

Walmart is large enough to innovate on their own as I’ve previously shown. Given their incredible dominance in the market of selling just about everything. When Walmart does something, The rest of the retail industry across multiple spectrum’s quickly follows suit, adapts, or gets purchased by someone who will. TechCrunch reports.

“Walmart To Go, the retailer’s on-demand shopping service offering home delivery of general merchandise, including in some cases, groceries, is expanding its test in the Denver market today to also include a local pick-up option. Denver area customers will now be able to order their groceries online, then pick up at a nearby store – without having to set foot inside the store.

Instead, customers will pull up to a designated pick-up spot on the side of the store, as directed. Or, in the case of those stores where a drive-through pharmacy is available, they’ll pick up their groceries from the pharmacy window. Depending on the location, they’ll either dial a phone number or enter an order into a touchscreen kiosk to let Walmart staff know they’ve arrived. Then it’s only a matter of popping the trunk.” Walmart Begins Testing Online Grocery Shopping With Local Store Pickup Option In Denver

I could go on and on about how many jobs are going to no longer exist, but this article is getting a little on the long side. Hopefully I havent lost you yet and you’ve made it this far! I’ll do one more. One of my former jobs, The Call Center agent. I was actually employed at a call center for one of ‘The Big Three’ when this news broke. My co-workers had mixed reactions to the development. Forbes Reports

“IBM’s question-answering Watson supercomputer is building quite the résumé. First it won a much-publicized showdown against the two greatest Jeopardy! champions of all time, then it went to medical school and emerged as a budding oncologist. Now Watson has a new job–as a customer-service agent with the mostest. The help desk is a bit of a step down from fighting cancer, but IBM is nothing if not pragmatic. U.S. organizations spend $112 billion on call center labor and software, yet half of the 270 billion customer-service calls go unresolved each year, presenting a fairly sizable opening for an enhanced cognitive computer. Let’s face it: Rare is the occasion when you a) reach a live person and b) they know what they’re talking about. Why not give silicon a chance?

Starting in the next few months, IBM will be rolling out with several key customers an “Ask Watson” feature that will greet and offer help through various channels: Web chats, email, smartphone apps and SMS. Some customers will eventually equip the service with voice recognition from a partner such as Siri or Nuance. The guinea pigs include Australia’s ANZ Bank, Nielsen, Celcom, IHS, and Royal Bank of Canada.”

Here is a video from IBM discussing the concept

I’ve read the University of Oxford study in full and was surprised by one of the findings. While I often research how jobs will be made obsolete by advances in society, technology and automation. I tend to not focus too much on jobs that are lost — but not quite made obsolete. These are jobs lost to offshoring. So on top of the 50% of jobs you’re going to lose to robots, You’re going to lose a further 30% to Manila, Beijing and Dubai. Combine that with the 15% current unemployment … and your looking at 95% total unemployment, Best case scenario (or worst, depending on your worldview)

Here is a list of all the jobs that will be made obsolete in the near future. Ordered from those that will ‘most certainly without a shadow of a doubt’ be automated to those that are ‘very highly likely’ to be automated. Perhaps humanity is about to evolve past the need for your chosen career choice?

  1. Telemarketers
  2. Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers
  3. Sewers, Hand
  4. Mathematical Technicians
  5. Insurance Underwriters
  6. Watch Repairers
  7. Cargo and Freight Agents
  8. Tax Preparers
  9. Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators
  10. New Accounts Clerks
  11. Library Technicians
  12. Data Entry Keyers
  13. Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters
  14. Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks
  15. Brokerage Clerks
  16. Order Clerks
  17. Loan Officers
  18. Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage
  19. Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
  20. Tellers
  21. Etchers and Engravers
  22. Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders
  23. Procurement Clerks
  24. Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks
  25. Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  26. Credit Analysts
  27. Parts Salespersons
  28. Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators
  29. Driver/Sales Workers
  30. Radio Operators
  31. Legal Secretaries
  32. Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks
  33. Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers
  34. Models
  35. Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop
  36. Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks
  37. Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks
  38. Agricultural and Food Science Technicians
  39. Telephone Operators
  40. Real Estate Brokers
  41. File Clerks
  42. Counter and Rental Clerks
  43. Prepress Technicians and Workers
  44. Motion Picture Projectionists
  45. Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers
  46. Cashiers
  47. Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians
  48. Log Graders and Scalers
  49. Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation
  50. Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand
  51. Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  52. Dental Laboratory Technicians
  53. Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders
  54. Farm Labor Contractors
  55. Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers
  56. Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders
  57. Team Assemblers
  58. WoodworkingMachine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing
  59. Bridge and Lock Tenders
  60. Billing and Posting Clerks
  61. Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers
  62. Cooks, Restaurant
  63. Fabric Menders, Except Garment
  64. Gaming Dealers
  65. Locomotive Engineers
  66. Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  67. Model Makers, Wood
  68. Surveying and Mapping Technicians
  69. Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive
  70. Rock Splitters, Quarry
  71. Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop
  72. Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service
  73. Compensation and Benefits Managers
  74. Office Clerks, General
  75. Receptionists and Information Clerks
  76. Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance
  77. Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers
  78. Postal Service Clerks
  79. Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  80. Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers
  81. Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders
  82. Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers
  83. Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  84. Animal Breeders
  85. Print Binding and Finishing Workers
  86. Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators
  87. Library Assistants, Clerical
  88. Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators
  89. Nuclear Power Reactor Operators
  90. Bill and Account Collectors
  91. Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  92. Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping
  93. Manicurists and Pedicurists
  94. Paralegals and Legal Assistants
  95. Agricultural Inspectors
  96. First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers
  97. Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers
  98. Tire Builders
  99. Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks
  100. Helpers–Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons
  101. Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators
  102. Cooks, Short Order
  103. Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan
  104. Couriers and Messengers
  105. Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers
  106. Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers
  107. Bicycle Repairers
  108. Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
  109. Budget Analysts
  110. Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers
  111. 1 Waiters and Waitresses
  112. Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service
  113. Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  114. Accountants and Auditors
  115. Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators
  116. Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  117. Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents
  118. Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors
  119. Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  120. Butchers and Meat Cutters
  121. Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and Repairs
  122. Model Makers, Metal and Plastic
  123. Machine Feeders and Offbearers
  124. Locomotive Firers
  125. Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics
  126. Conveyor Operators and Tenders
  127. Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining
  128. Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators
  129. Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders
  130. Helpers–Carpenters
  131. Production Workers, All Other
  132. Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food
  133. Retail Salespersons
  134. Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  135. Fence Erectors
  136. Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers
  137. Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters
  138. Insurance Sales Agents
  139. Dredge Operators
  140. Loan Interviewers and Clerks
  141. Pharmacy Technicians
  142. Office Machine Operators, Except Computer
  143. Extruding and DrawingMachine Setters, Operators, and Tenders,Metal and Plastic
  144. Patternmakers, Wood
  145. Automotive Body and Related Repairers
  146. Geological and Petroleum Technicians
  147. Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  148. Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers
  149. Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment
  150. Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers
  151. MultipleMachine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders,Metal and Plastic
  152. Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  153. Medical Records and Health Information Technicians
  154. Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators
  155. Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders
  156. Mechanical Door Repairers
  157. Tour Guides and Escorts
  158. Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners
  159. Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners
  160. Signal and Track Switch Repairers
  161. Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers
  162. Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate
  163. Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic
  164. Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic
  165. Transportation Inspectors
  166. Traffic Technicians
  167. Crane and Tower Operators
  168. Roofers
  169. Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers
  170. Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists
  171. Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping
  172. Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs
  173. Sewing Machine Operators
  174. Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators
  175. Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators
  176. Riggers
  177. Technical Writers
  178. Bus Drivers, School or Special Client
  179. Stonemasons
  180. Medical Transcriptionists
  181. Bakers
  182. Rail Car Repairers
  183. Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners
  184. Terrazzo Workers and Finishers
  185. Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers
  186. Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  187. Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders
  188. Cartographers and Photogrammetrists
  189. Semiconductor Processors
  190. Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks
  191. Construction Laborers
  192. Highway Maintenance Workers
  193. Parking Lot Attendants
  194. Floor Sanders and Finishers
  195. Food Preparation Workers
  196. Furniture Finishers
  197. Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products
  198. Paperhangers
  199. Carpet Installers
  200. Pourers and Casters, Metal
  201. Forest and Conservation Workers
  202. Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers
  203. Correspondence Clerks
  204. Maintenance Workers, Machinery
  205. Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic
  206. Real Estate Sales Agents
  207. Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  208. Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers
  209. Subway and Streetcar Operators
  210. Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood
  211. Food Servers, Nonrestaurant
  212. Plant and System Operators, All Other
  213. Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants
  214. Nuclear Technicians
  215. Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas
  216. Chemical Plant and System Operators
  217. Power Plant Operators
  218. Meter Readers, Utilities
  219. Sales Representatives, Wholesale andManufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products
  220. Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand
  221. Parking Enforcement Workers
  222. Proofreaders and Copy Markers
  223. Wellhead Pumpers
  224. Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers
  225. Security Guards
  226. Lathe and TurningMachine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders,Metal and Plastic
  227. Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic
  228. Plasterers and Stucco Masons
  229. Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians
  230. Tool and Die Makers
  231. Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators
  232. Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  233. Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers
  234. Baggage Porters and Bellhops
  235. Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners
  236. Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants
  237. Printing Press Operators
  238. Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall
  239. Segmental Pavers
  240. Helpers–Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters
  241. Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  242. Sailors and Marine Oilers
  243. Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria
  244. Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters
  245. Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators
  246. Structural Iron and Steel Workers
  247. Fishers and Related Fishing Workers
  248. Brickmasons and Blockmasons
  249. Pile-Driver Operators
  250. Sheet Metal Workers
  251. Nonfarm Animal Caretakers
  252. Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons
  253. Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers
  254. Engine and Other Machine Assemblers
  255. Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials
  256. Medical Secretaries
  257. Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers
  258. Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders
  259. Electro-Mechanical Technicians
  260. Electrical and Electronics Drafters
  261. Word Processors and Typists
  262. Cooks, Fast Food
  263. Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas
  264. Barbers
  265. Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles
  266. Logging Equipment Operators
  267. Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers
  268. Motorcycle Mechanics
  269. Helpers–Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers
  270. Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
  271. Shampooers
  272. Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers
  273. Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators
  274. Gas Plant Operators
  275. Computer Operators
  276. Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  277. Medical Equipment Preparers
  278. Hunters and Trappers
  279. Dishwashers
  280. Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products
  281. Bartenders
  282. Tree Trimmers and Pruners
  283. Locksmiths and Safe Repairers
  284. Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health
  285. Fallers
  286. Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers
  287. Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders
  288. Archivists
  289. Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians
  290. Civil Engineering Technicians
  291. Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants
  292. Painters, Construction and Maintenance
  293. Tile and Marble Setters
  294. Postmasters and Mail Superintendents
  295. Helpers–Electricians
  296. Broadcast Technicians
  297. Personal Care Aides
  298. Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers
  299. Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists
  300. Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers
  301. Glaziers
  302. Administrative Services Managers
  303. Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  304. Public Address System and Other Announcers
  305. Carpenters
  306. Home Appliance Repairers
  307. Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders
  308. Helpers–Roofers
  309. Pharmacy Aides
  310. Amusement and Recreation Attendants
  311. Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers
  312. Opticians, Dispensing
  313. Construction and Related Workers, All Other
  314. Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers
  315. Airfield Operations Specialists
  316. Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians
  317. Avionics Technicians
  318. Food Batchmakers
  319. Tire Repairers and Changers
  320. Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs
  321. Painters, Transportation Equipment
  322. Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners
  323. Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers
  324. Dental Hygienists
  325. Mechanical Drafters
  326. Boilermakers
  327. Roustabouts, Oil and Gas
  328. Postal Service Mail Carriers
  329. Industrial Machinery Mechanics
  330. Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective ServiceWorkers
  331. Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity
  332. Atmospheric and Space Scientists
  333. Foundry Mold and Coremakers
  334. Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  335. Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians
  336. Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners
  337. Statistical Assistants
  338. Helpers–Production Workers
  339. Pest Control Workers
  340. Hoist and Winch Operators
  341. Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
  342. Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers
  343. Librarians
  344. Computer Support Specialists
  345. Machinists
  346. Social Science Research Assistants
  347. Insulation Workers, Mechanical
  348. Power Distributors and Dispatchers
  349. Stock Clerks and Order Fillers
  350. Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
  351. Maintenance and Repair Workers, General
  352. Cutters and Trimmers, Hand
  353. Construction and Building Inspectors
  354. First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers
  355. Healthcare Support Workers, All Other
  356. Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door
  357. Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
  358. Pipelayers
  359. Tapers
  360. Motorboat Operators
  361. Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  362. Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders
  363. Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other
  364. Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators
  365. Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks
  366. Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists
  367. Costume Attendants
  368. Physical Therapist Aides
  369. Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles
  370. Slaughterers and Meat Packers
  371. Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture
  372. Correctional Officers and Jailers
  373. Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics
  374. Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians
  375. Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers
  376. Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators
  377. Museum Technicians and Conservators
  378. Millwrights
  379. Personal Financial Advisors
  380. First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers
  381. Transit and Railroad Police
  382. Cost Estimators
  383. Helpers–Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
  384. Chemical Technicians
  385. First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers
  386. Teacher Assistants
  387. Audio and Video Equipment Technicians
  388. Customer Service Representatives
  389. Commercial Pilots
  390. Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers
  391. Advertising Sales Agents

Nigel Todman is an Independent Journalist, Technical Consultant, Social Activist, Web Developer and Computer Programmer from Ontario, Canada. Add him to Facebook and/or Follow him on Twitter E-mail: veritas [at] vts-tech [dot] org This article can be republished under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, With a link back to this article and attribution to Nigel Todman

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